На информационном ресурсе применяются рекомендательные технологии (информационные технологии предоставления информации на основе сбора, систематизации и анализа сведений, относящихся к предпочтениям пользователей сети "Интернет", находящихся на территории Российской Федерации)

beautyhack

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  • Татьяна Бутова
    №И, оказывается, это рекомендуют и голливудские дерматологи (значит, точно работает!)". Поэтому эти дерматологи сперл...Как убрать отеки ...
  • Мария
    Мне нравится линейка Серацин, в летнее время для борьбы с лишним блеском как раз гель брала, хорошо помгаетВсе что нужно зна...
  • Валерий Протасов
    Интересно описание содержания картин.От «русской Джоко...

Все говорят о важности витамина D, он защищает от морщин и рака: вот полный расклад - как работает, как выявить дефицит и чем его восполнять

Витамин D, как звезда, которая только что зажглась в шоу-бизнесе: все о нем говорят, но мало что знают. Вроде бы врачи советуют пить, но зачем? Детям он нужен для предотвращения рахита, а взрослым? Ладно еще, если вы живете на Крайнем Севере, где полярная ночь длится по три месяца и необходимо как-то компенсировать нехватку солнца.

Но если все лето провели на юге?Оказывается, это вещество - серый кардинал в научном мире. Во-первых, никакой он не витамин, а стероидный гормон, который влияет почти на все органы и системы. Во-вторых, его нехватка грозит массой заболеваний: от простуды до онкологии. В-третьих, даже если вы живете в городе Юма в Аризоне, самом солнечном на планете, это еще ничего не гарантирует.BeautyHack с помощью врачей и ученых составил досье на D и инструкцию по его применению.T{"points":[{"id":1,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":3,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":160}}],"steps":[{"id":2,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}DВ{"points":[{"id":52,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":54,"properties":{"x":0,"y":50,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":53,"properties":{"duration":0.2,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}И{"points":[{"id":52,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":54,"properties":{"x":0,"y":50,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":53,"properties":{"duration":0.2,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Т{"points":[{"id":52,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":54,"properties":{"x":0,"y":50,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":53,"properties":{"duration":0.2,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}А{"points":[{"id":52,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":54,"properties":{"x":0,"y":50,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":53,"properties":{"duration":0.2,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}M{"points":[{"id":52,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":54,"properties":{"x":0,"y":50,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":53,"properties":{"duration":0.2,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}И{"points":[{"id":52,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":54,"properties":{"x":0,"y":50,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":53,"properties":{"duration":0.2,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Н{"points":[{"id":52,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":54,"properties":{"x":0,"y":50,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":53,"properties":{"duration":0.2,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Почему его называют витамином?Почти 100 лет назад биохимик Элмер Макколум выяснил, что у собак, которых кормят рыбьим жиром, не бывает рахита, и задумался: «Может, это спасет от болезни и детей?». Сначала медик решил, что все благодаря витамину А. Но нейтрализовав его в продукте, получили тот же результат. Так он открыл новое вещество. 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Но нашли его позже остальных, поэтому за всей группой закрепилось название «витамины».Чем грозит его 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например){"points":[{"id":7,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":9,"properties":{"x":0,"y":68,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":8,"properties":{"duration":68,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}замедленным обменом веществ{"points":[{"id":7,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":9,"properties":{"x":0,"y":72,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":12,"properties":{"x":0,"y":116,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":8,"properties":{"duration":72,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":13,"properties":{"duration":44,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}бесплодием, развитием эндометриоза и синдрома поликистозных яичниковменьшей сопротивляемостью организма к онкозаболеваниямИз-за последнего пункта уже не первый год спорят ученые со всего мира. Одни уверены, что витамин D может помочь предотвратить рак. Другие считают, что это ему не под силу, при этом он помогает снизить смертность от онкологии. В любом случае, сходятся они в одном: витамин D продлевает жизнь.Джон Уайтпрофессор, заведующий кафедрой физиологии Государственного исследовательского университета Макгилла в МонреалеГиповитаминоз витамина D подавляет защитные механизмы организма, открывая путь к развитию опухолей - особенно в желудочно-кишечном тракте и костном мозге. Он способен замедлить переход клеток из предракового состояния в злокачественное и умеет контролировать их размножение. Причем можно принимать его не только внутрь, но и наружно: доказано на лабораторных мышах.Седрик Гарландпрофессор кафедры эпидемиологии в Калифорнийском университете Сан-Диего, автор 150 статей и книг о ракеЕсть статистика: онкологическая смертность зависит от широты проживания. Чем ближе к экватору, тем меньше людей умирает от рака. Отличной профилактикой может стать прием витамина D и кальция: по данным 200 исследований, это примерно на 50% снижает риск заболеть раком простаты, груди, кишечника, поджелудочной железы, легких, яичников, предстательной железы и меланомы.Коллега из Америки согласна с ними только частично.Джоан Мэнсонруководитель отделения превентивной медицины в Женской больнице Бригама, профессор медицины и почетный профессор в области женского здоровья при Гарвардской медицинской школеНаше исследование почти с 26 тысячами добровольцев старше 50 лет показало: уровень витамина D не влияет на риск возникновения рака или серьезных проблем с сердцем. Но его прием действительно снизил смертность от рака на 25%, если пациент употреблял его как минимум два года после постановки диагноза.Кому и из-за чего его не хватает?В Федеральном исследовательском центре питания, биотехнологии и безопасности пищи говорят, что дефицит витамина D есть у 23%-97% населения. В зависимости от региона. Дело в том, что большая часть России расположена в северной широте выше 35 параллели. Из-за этого солнечный свет падает тут под более острым углом и сильнее рассеивается. С ноября по март наша кожа вообще почти не вырабатывает холекальциферол.{"points":[{"id":39,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":41,"properties":{"x":135,"y":-83,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":42,"properties":{"x":290,"y":-124,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":44,"properties":{"x":372,"y":-132,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":46,"properties":{"x":464,"y":-124,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":48,"properties":{"x":588,"y":-81,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":50,"properties":{"x":688,"y":-20,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":40,"properties":{"duration":83,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":43,"properties":{"duration":78,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":45,"properties":{"duration":41,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":47,"properties":{"duration":46,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":49,"properties":{"duration":62,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":51,"properties":{"duration":61,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Александра ШвецНевролог, диетолог Клиники ЕкатерининскаяНо это далеко не единственная причина. Дефицит «солнечного» витамина есть даже в Индии, Пакистане и Иране - странах, где загорать можно почти круглый год. С чем еще это может быть связано?Люди почти не выходят на улицу днем, а ведь холекальциферол в коже вырабатывается только с 10 до 14 часовИспользуют солнцезащитные кремы, снижающие синтез витамина D в коже на 95-98%Страдают воспалительными заболеваниями кишечника (СРК), болезнью Крона, целиакия и другими, из-за которых питательные вещества усваиваются хужеИмеют непереносимость лактозы и исключают из рациона сыры, молоко, сметануПридерживаются строгой вегетарианской диетыУпотребляют витамин D в небольших количествах длительное время, в результате нарушается образование его активной формы в почках или он недостаточно усваивается в ЖКТДолго принимали холестирамин, глюкокортикоидные гормоны, противовирусные, противогрибковые и противоэпилептические препаратыВ зону риска также входят беременные, кормящие и женщины в период менопаузы, люди с темным цветом кожи, заболеваниями сердца, лишним весом и пенсионеры: холекальциферол в их организме синтезируется хуже. Например, в коже 70-летнего человека производится на 50-75% витамина D меньше, чем в коже 20-летнего. А из-за избыточной массы тела он откладывается в жировой ткани и становится недоступным для центрального кровотока и усвоения.После карантина, когда все просидели дома несколько месяцев, ситуация точно не стала лучше. А ведь впереди - осень и зима.{"points":[{"id":39,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":41,"properties":{"x":-75,"y":62,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":54,"properties":{"x":-109,"y":127,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":56,"properties":{"x":-115,"y":201,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":58,"properties":{"x":-99,"y":274,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":60,"properties":{"x":-22,"y":433,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":40,"properties":{"duration":62,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":55,"properties":{"duration":65,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":57,"properties":{"duration":74,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":59,"properties":{"duration":73,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":61,"properties":{"duration":159,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Как часто нужно сдавать анализы на содержание витамина D в крови?{"points":[{"id":39,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":41,"properties":{"x":-55,"y":-20,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":25,"properties":{"x":-126,"y":-11,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":27,"properties":{"x":-184,"y":38,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":29,"properties":{"x":-197,"y":100,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":31,"properties":{"x":-174,"y":170,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":33,"properties":{"x":-177,"y":222,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":35,"properties":{"x":-236,"y":244,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":37,"properties":{"x":-296,"y":229,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":52,"properties":{"x":-343,"y":218,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":40,"properties":{"duration":30,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}},{"id":26,"properties":{"duration":50,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}},{"id":28,"properties":{"duration":49,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":30,"properties":{"duration":62,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":32,"properties":{"duration":70,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":34,"properties":{"duration":52,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":36,"properties":{"duration":30,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":38,"properties":{"duration":30,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":53,"properties":{"duration":24,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}К сожалению, дефицит витамина D является «тихой эпидемией». Симптомы обычно незаметны и на выявление проблемы уходят годы и даже десятилетия. Поэтому скрининг рекомендуется делать 1 раз в 6-12 месяцев. Это обычный забор крови из пальца. Цена - около 1300 рублей. Приходить нужно натощак. Если принимаете БАДы с витамином D, исключите их за 3-4 дня до похода к врачу.{"points":[{"id":39,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":41,"properties":{"x":13,"y":-40,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":1,"properties":{"x":-4,"y":-124,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":3,"properties":{"x":57,"y":-182,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":5,"properties":{"x":109,"y":-173,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":7,"properties":{"x":150,"y":-134,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":9,"properties":{"x":181,"y":-188,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":40,"properties":{"duration":40,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":2,"properties":{"duration":84,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":4,"properties":{"duration":58,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":6,"properties":{"duration":26,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":8,"properties":{"duration":39,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":10,"properties":{"duration":54,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Если анализ показал значение меньше 20 нг/мл (50 нмоль/л) - у вас дефицит витамина Dот 20 до 30 нг/мл (от 50 до 75 нмоль/л) ) - недостаточностьболее 30 нг/мл (75 нмоль/л) - нормаПоскольку осенью и зимой солнца совсем мало и уровень витамина неизбежно падает, к концу лета его значения должны превысить 80 нмоль/л, чтобы хватило на зиму.При коррекции дефицита витамина D его должно быть в организме не меньше 30-60 нг/мл (75-150 нмоль/л).Кому и из-за чего его не хватает?Есть тесты на витамин D3, витамин D2 и комплексный 25-ОН (D2 + D3). Первые два нужны только по показаниям врача, если необходимо оценить баланс разных метаболических вариантов веществ. А показатель 25-ОН - общий, он отражает количество витамина D, синтезирующегося кожей под действием ультрафиолета и получаемого организмом из еды и добавок.Допустим, у вас нехватка. Что делать: есть одну рыбу или бежать в солярий?Солярий делу точно не поможет: многие лампы дают другой УФ-спектр, не такой, как у солнца. Увы, но и во время отпуска невозможно впрок запастись витамином, проводя дни напролет на пляже. К тому же все мы знаем: это опасно.Что же до еды, то обогатить рацион полезными веществами никогда не помешает. Ешьте дикий лосось, сельдь, сома, консервированные сардины, макрель и тунца, грибы, сливочное масло, молоко, сметану, яичный желток, сыр, говяжью печень, устриц, петрушку, крапиву, пейте соевое молоко и апельсиновый сок. И рыбий жир в капсулах.Но имейте в виду, если у вас уже выявили дефицит D, то нормализовать его уровень только с помощью питания, увы, не удастся. Или же придется съедать по 10 кг сыра бри или 18 яиц в день. Плюс при глубокой заморозке и термической обработке пищи некоторый процент витамина теряется, поэтому лучше размораживать продукты медленно, не вымачивать мясо или рыбу в воде, готовить все на пару, гриле или в фольге. И принимать витамин в качестве добавки.{"points":[{"id":39,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":41,"properties":{"x":0,"y":15,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":62,"properties":{"x":0,"y":-15,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":1,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":40,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":63,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":2,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":39,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":40}},{"id":41,"properties":{"x":0,"y":-15,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":40}},{"id":64,"properties":{"x":0,"y":15,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":40}},{"id":3,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":40}}],"steps":[{"id":40,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":65,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":4,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":66,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":68,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":-4}},{"id":69,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":4}},{"id":7,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":67,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":70,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}},{"id":8,"properties":{"duration":1,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":true}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Какой врач должен назначить необходимую дозу? И в какой форме лучше ее употреблять: масляных капсулах, водных растворах, таблетках?Терапевт, эндокринолог и диетолог имеют право выписывать профилактическую дозу. Лечебную дозу при некоторых заболеваниях должен выписывать эндокринолог после дополнительных исследований: паратгормон, фосфор, кальций общий и кальций ионизированный, креатинин, кальций в моче.А вот форма выпуска абсолютно не важна, они все эффективны, главное - правильно рассчитанная доза. Помните только, что D3 усваивается лучше, чем D2.{"points":[{"id":12,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":20}},{"id":14,"properties":{"x":13,"y":44,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":20}}],"steps":[{"id":13,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Когда принимать?Желательно в первой половине дня во время еды. Холекальциферол - жирорастворимое вещество, поэтому усваивается он лучше с пищей, а не натощак. А вот алкоголь препятствует его всасыванию, поэтому лучше сделать между их приемами перерыв.{"points":[{"id":15,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":17,"properties":{"x":26,"y":-22,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":16,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":18,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":20,"properties":{"x":-16,"y":-2,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":19,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":21,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":23,"properties":{"x":34,"y":-21,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":22,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Говорят, из-за витамина D может повыситься уровень кальция в крови и он отложится на стенках сосудов...{"points":[{"id":24,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":26,"properties":{"x":-25,"y":-23,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":25,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":30,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":32,"properties":{"x":33,"y":-24,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":31,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":27,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":108}},{"id":29,"properties":{"x":6,"y":-34,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":108}}],"steps":[{"id":28,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Если принимать токсические дозы, то уровень кальция действительно станет очень высоким и может повреждать почки и сосуды. При терапевтических и профилактических дозировках такой опасности нет. Кальций откладывается на стенках сосудов независимо от уровня витамина D, и этот процесс связан с системным воспалением, которое имеет место при метаболическом синдроме.{"points":[{"id":35,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":80}},{"id":37,"properties":{"x":40,"y":40,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":80}}],"steps":[{"id":36,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":9,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":11,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":360}}],"steps":[{"id":10,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":38,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":30}},{"id":43,"properties":{"x":40,"y":23,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":30}}],"steps":[{"id":42,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}{"points":[{"id":44,"properties":{"x":0,"y":0,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}},{"id":46,"properties":{"x":29,"y":7,"z":0,"opacity":1,"scaleX":1,"scaleY":1,"rotationX":0,"rotationY":0,"rotationZ":0}}],"steps":[{"id":45,"properties":{"duration":1000,"delay":0,"bezier":[],"ease":"Power0.easeNone","automatic_duration":false}}],"transform_origin":{"x":0.5,"y":0.5}}Стоит ли вместе с D пить другие витамины?Только если установлены их недостаточность или дефицит. Принимать в качестве профилактики можно, главное - внимательно изучить упаковку: вдруг комплекс тоже содержит витамин D, это может привести к передозировке.Чем она грозит? Потерей аппетита, тошнотой, рвотой; головными, мышечными и суставными болями; запорами; сухостью в полости рта; увеличенным мочеобразованием; слабостью; депрессией; потерей массы тела; нарушением сна; повышением температуры; кальцинозом почек, кровеносных сосудов, 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